Linking API and Sources to your IDE’s JARs (Part 2)

I tend to upload my complete project into version control. This includes the sources, tests, Jars and also the nbproject directory where NetBeans stores the project configuration. By doing so, I can check out the project on a different machine and start quickly without having to configure the project.

Sources and API Docs of external libraries are not commited as they’re are not requried for compiling. I usually keep sources and docs in a separate place outside my project (let’s say <userdir>javaLibs...).

When I check out the project on a different machine I can do coding but I do have neither the sources nor the API docs. Even worse: as I’ve commited the whole project including the configuration, I have also commited the nbproject/ file which stores the pathes to the source and docs. Which is not a problem if the pathes on all the machines are the same. But when a new contributer wants to join in, (s)he either has to use the same directory structure (and possibly the same OS) or he has to overwrite the settings. Both not very desirable.

Continue reading Linking API and Sources to your IDE’s JARs (Part 2)

The Java7 bug … does it really affect you?

I was really happy about Java7 being finally delivered by Oracle – and really disappointed that there are 3 severe bugs that can either crash the JVM (ok, bad but – well) or produce wrong results silently (ohoh!). To excuse Oracle – the bugs were found very short before the release so they had no time to fix it – okay, really bad luck. Well – I don’t have Java 7 in production now, so I’m fine.

But as there’s so much fuss about it I dug a bit into the topic: The three evil bugs are the bugs with ID 7070134, 7044738 and 7068051.
All three bugs are in the states: Fix-Available and Fix-Delivered. So we just need to wait for the next Java update, right?

Wait: But all three bugs are “only” concerning the server VM. Of course, this is bad for the people who want to use Java 7 on their server right now. But if you just work on the client side and don’t use the server VM – well then you just don’t have to care about it.

Topics related to the bug:

Linking API and Sources to your IDE’s JARs

For productive programming, I think it is absolutely crucial to also have both the API documentation and the source code of the according libraries available and integrated in the IDE in order to gain maximum productivity. Integrating the API and sources is pretty easy in NetBeans (as well as in other IDEs):

Right click the Project > Properties > Libraries > select the JAR for which you want to link source and API and hit the edit button on the right.
Now you can select a folder, Zip file or Jar file for the API and sources, hit OK and you’re done.

Whenever you’re using a class from this library, you now can step into this class (by Ctrl-Clicking for example) or quickly jump to the API by pressing ALT+F1 when the curser is at the corresponding class/method.

If you are annoyed by swithing between IDE and Browser or if you just forget the Alt+F1 key combo that opens the browser with the correct API page, just enable the NetBeans inline Java-Doc viewer by selecting:
Window > Other > JavaDoc
This brings up a new panel which shows the JavaDoc comment of the class/method which is curently selected by the cursor. And you don’t even need to press any key for updating the view as it is updated automatically.

If it doesn’t work, I usually experience the following two errors:

  1. JavaDoc doesn’t work: If I perform Alt+F1, the browser doesn’t open and the status bar on the bottom of the NetBeans window shoes a “Cannot perform Show Javadoc here”. Well – check the Path then. It should end in a directory that also contains the index.html, package-list, allclasses-frame.html etc.
  2. The source is not displayed – even though the path to the Jar/Zip is correct! In that case, The Zip/Jar often contains all the source code in src/mypackage/ NB expects only packagis in the Zip, so that the content list should look like: maypackage/ So simply build another with the contents of “src/” (in this case) and you’re done.

How to create Memory Leaks by using Inner Classes.

The most recent Java Specialists Newsletter finally convinced me to start this post that I was having in mind for quite some time.

One of the really huge advantages of Java is that you almost do not have to care about cleaning up your memory as the Garbage Collector usually does this for you as soon as Objects are no more referenced. Usually this works really really well so that you really don’t have to care about annything! But maybe once in a while you may be observing something like a memory leak. Some people then call the Garbage explicitly – which is usually just a bad idea and possibly also doesn’t help either so that the “leak” remains. The better solution in this case would be profiling so that you can see why some classes are not cleaned up.

A nice source for memory leaks can be the use of anonymous inner classes. Assume the following class where you want to compute and return a Result-Object which derives from an Interface:

interface Result{}
class Outer {
    int[] data = null;
    public Outer(int s) { data = new int[s]; }
    Object getResult() { return new Result(){}; }

So if you call new Outer(1).getResult(), you will still have an instance of Outer in memory even though you did not keep an explicit reference. As explained in the Java Specialists Newsletter, each instance of an anoymous inner class always keeps a reference to the outer class! This is not a big deal as long as

  • you don’t keep a lot of data in the Outer instance or
  • if the lifetime of the Result object is not long or
  • if you won’t create a lot of results anyways.

Let’s have an example. If you execute

ArrayList l = new ArrayList();
int i = 0;
    l.add(new Outer(0).getResult());

with the above classes without memory constraints (-Xmx), this will run for quite some time because you are only holding 2 class references (Outer, Result) 1 field (the emtpty data array) and an implicit reference from Result to Outer. Which makes a total of 48 bytes on my Win7 64bit machine (according to this measurement).

Now change the parameter in the constructor of Outer from 0 to 100000 and execute the code again. In my case I am getting an OutOfMemoryException after a bit more than 2000 created instances as now suddenly each iteration consumes 400.048 bytes (48 bytes as before + 100.000*4 bytes for the int-array) even though we only keep the explicit reference to the Result objects!

So – if you are creating an inner class the next time – you might have a brief look at the outer class as well and think about memory consumption and lifetime.

MARiO: Multi Attribute Routing in Open Street Map

Yeah, I got a new Publication accepted at Symposium on Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD) 2011 that is dealing with OpenStreetMap Data (using the JXMapKit and JXMapViewer).

MARiO: Multi Attribute Routing in Open Street Map

Franz Graf, Hans-Peter Kriegel, Matthias Schubert, Matthias Renz

Published at Symposium on Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD) 2011
Conference Date: August 24th – 26th, 2011
Conference Location: Minneapolis, MN, USA.


In recent years, the Open Street Map (OSM) project collected a large repository of spatial network data containing a rich variety of information about traffic lights, road types, points of interest etc.. Formally, this network can be described as a multi-attribute graph, i.e. a graph considering multiple attributes when describing the traversal of an edge. In this demo, we present our framework for Multi Attribute Routing in Open Street Map (MARiO). MARiO includes methods for preprocessing OSM data by deriving attribute information and integrating additional data from external sources. There are several routing algorithms already available and additional methods can be easily added by using a plugin mechanism. Since routing in a multi-attribute environment often results in large sets of potentially interesting routes, our graphical fronted allows various views to interactively explore query results.



  AUTHOR      = {F. Graf and H.-P. Kriegel and M. Renz and M. Schubert},
  TITLE       = {{MARiO}: Multi Attribute Routing in Open Street Map},
  BOOKTITLE   = {Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Spatial and Temporal Databases (SSTD), Minneapolis, MN, USA},
  YEAR        = {2011}

Performanceanalyse mit JVisualVM – evil synchronized

In einem meiner kleinen Projekte werden an einer Stelle etliche Threads gestartet, die jeweils ein Bild einlesen, skalieren und wieder auf die Platte schreiben. – Die ganze Zeit hat mich schon das Gefühl beschlichen, dass das zu langsam läuft, untersucht hatte ich das bisher nur nie. Nachdem genau diese Funktionalität heute definitv zu langsam war, kam ich um eine Analyse wohl doch nicht mehr herum. Also erst mal untersuchen, was da vor sich geht:

  • Programm gestartet,
  • JVisualVM gestartet (zu finden im bin-Verzeichnis einer JDK-Installation),
  • VisualVM auf das laufende Programm verbunden, und die Threads anzeigen lassen
  • kritische Funktion im Programm gestartet

Und siehe da: die Threads werden gestartet, aber nur immer genau einer ausgeführt (siehe Bild). Alle anderen Threads die laufen sollten stehen auf “Monitor”. Das ist leicht daran zu erkennen, dass zwar alle PictureScaleWorker ausgeführt werden, aber niemals gleichzeitig alle grün (also im Running State) sind sondern immer nur einer. Na das sollte ja nicht so sein!

Aber was machen die eigentlich und worauf warten die? Also erst mal einen Thread Dump erstellen (Button oben rechts), vielleicht bringt der ja ein paar Infos:

Dann zu einem der betreffenden Threads scrollen und nachsehen, ob dort etwas auffällig ist.

Thread.State: BLOCKED (on object monitor)
at (

Blocked on object monitor – das sieht nach einem synchronized aus. Und betreffende Zeile 83 ist tatsächlich synchronized – was ich bei einem der letzten Refactorings offenbar übersehen habe. Mittlerweile ist die Synchronisierung auf dieser Methode zum Glück nicht mehr nötig und ich kann die Einschränkung ohne Gewissenbisse entfernen. Und siehe da, auf einmal laufen auch alle Threads gleichzeitig, was auf 8 Kernen doch einen spürbaren Unterschied macht. – Willkommen im Multi-Core Zeitalter.

Ohne die JVisualVM wäre ich früher oder später wohl auch an die Stelle gekommen – aber ich bezweifle ernsthaft dass ich die Stelle innerhalb weniger Minuten gefunden hätte.

Dazu auch ein interessantes Video.

Selektionsfenster in SwingX-WS / JXMapKit

Um in der Mapkomponente von JXMapKit eine Selektion (Rechteck mit Rahmen und leicht transparenter Füllung) zu zeichnen, wird lediglich ein entsprechender Painter und ein Mouseadapter benötigt. Der Code dazu sieht folgendermaßen aus:

Der Painter & MouseListener:

public class SelectionPainter extends MouseAdapter implements Painter<JXMapViewer> {

    private Rectangle rect, start, end;
    private Color borderColor = new Color(0, 0, 200);
    private Color regionColor = new Color(0, 0, 200, 75);

    public SelectionPainter() {

    public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
        if (e.getButton() != MouseEvent.BUTTON1) {
            rect = null;
            start = null;
        } else {
            start = new Rectangle(e.getPoint());
            ((JXMapViewer) e.getSource()).setPanEnabled(false);

    public void mouseDragged(MouseEvent e) {
        if (start != null) {
            end = new Rectangle(e.getPoint());
            rect = start.union(end);
        ((JXMapViewer) e.getSource()).repaint();

    public void mouseReleased(MouseEvent e) {
        if (start == null) {
        end = new Rectangle(e.getPoint());
        rect = start.union(end);
        ((JXMapViewer) e.getSource()).setPanEnabled(true);
        ((JXMapViewer) e.getSource()).repaint();

    public void paint(Graphics2D gd, JXMapViewer t, int i, int i1) {
        if (rect != null) {
            gd.fillRect(rect.x, rect.y, rect.width, rect.height);
            gd.drawRect(rect.x, rect.y, rect.width, rect.height);

Verbindung zur Map-Komponente:

 SelectionPainter sp = new SelectionPainter();

mapKit ist dabei eine Instanz von org.jdesktop.swingx.JXMapKit.

Artikel mit gepatchtem SwingX-WS

PAROS download!

Das Ziel war nobel: Code aufräumen, schöner machen, refactoren und dokumentieren und dann online stellen.

Die Realität war derart, dass es leider wichtigeres zu tun gibt. Daher stelle ich das PAROS-Projekt, das dieses Jahr auf der SIGMOD war so online wie es ist: lauffähig, und vom Softwareengineeringaspekt ziemlich hässlich. Aber vielleicht kann ja jemand etwas damit anfangen – zumindest die kleinen hacks um größere Graphen auch annehmbar schnell zeichnen zu können.

Ausserdem ist es ein schönes Beispiel, wie man JXMapKit und OpenStreetMap (OSM) zu Forschungszwecken im Bereich Datamining, GIS (GeoInformationssysteme) und auch SpatialIndexing  verwenden kann. Auf der Konferenz kannten viele OSM nämlich erstaunlicherweise gar nicht, obwohl sie auf dem Bereich tätig waren.

Und zur nächsten Version muss ich nochmal nachsehen, ob es nach den Google Maps Terms of Services  immernoch verboten ist, Maps in Nicht-Browser-Anwendungen zu integrieren. Wäre natürlich auch sehr nett, oder weiß jemand Bescheid? (Update Jan. 2011: das ist nicht mehr verboten!)

Relevante Links: